In this space we can share and find a variety of documents concerning gender-based violence, including programming documents, research, tools, and other resources. If you have an idea for additional information you'd like to see on this page, or if you have any other questions or comments about the wiki, write to Abbey McDaniel at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Link to GBV working group
Link to materials on Preventions of Sexual Harassment, Exploitation and Abuse and Child Protection
Link to documents describing CARE's strategy and theory of change for GBV
Learn about what your fellow COs are doing! In this space, we can share programming approaches, research, case studies, or other documents to help us learn from one another and stay connected.
Outlines CARE's approach and experience in preventing Child Early and Forced Marriage (CEFM), and contributing to reaching SDG target 5.3. The report describes CARE's approach, and practical examples of CARE and our partners' work in six areas: Social Norms; Accommodating Complexity in Girls’ Lives; Building Agency and Solidarity; Men and Boys as Change Agents; Bringing Insight to Advocacy; and Addressing CEFM in Emergencies and Humanitarian Crisis. CARE is committed to doing its part in ending CEFM, not only because of the negative effects an early marriage can have on a girl—maternal mortality and morbidity, psychological trauma, forced sex and physical abuse, and reduced earning potential—but also because girls deserve the full experience of personal development, reached potential, and rights fulfilled, according to their own terms.
Beginning in 2014, a small team across CARE came together to develop and pilot new measures for social norms through an iterative learning process across three pilot sites in Sri Lanka and Ethiopia. This report shares experience and learning on translating social norms theory into practical measurement tools for development programming, featuring the use of CARE’s Social Norms Analysis Plot (SNAP), a new framework developed to measure if and how norms are changing; qualitative vignettes; and survey questions. For questions on the SNAP, contact Leigh.Stefanik@care.org.
This learning paper looks at social norms from the ReNEW Project in Sri Lanka, an intimate partner violence prevention project focused on challenging male aggression in the household. The project was designed to explore and pilot new measures for social norms underpinning GBV, by using a social norms theoretical approach. The paper describes our measurement approach, analysis and findings from applying innovation methods to measure social norms, including through the use of vignettes.
Strategies, results and impacts of evaluations 2011-2013.
GBV Issue Brief** (2016)
This 2-page issue brief gives an overview of the problem of GBV, CARE's GBV work, and U.S. advocacy ask.
In 2014, 7 COs and PPL teams around CARE participated in a joint learning exercise on a common theme, reflecting on their programming around what it takes to prevent GBV and promote more equitable household relations. This report describes and reflects on the cross-learning process itself as a case study for broader organizational learning, and synthesizes findings on the programmatic learning question. The report is also available in French and Arabic.
Recordings of WebEx presentations and slides in French and English are available here.
This report consolidates research on the pathway of violence from childhood to adolescence to adulthood, and pulls together learning on existing programming strategies, including drawing from CARE's own work. See the poster presentation on this work that was presented at the 2015 Sexual Violence Research Initiative (SVRI) Forum.
“TO PROTECT HER HONOUR” Child Marriage in emergencies – the fatal confusion between protecting girls and sexual violence
This CARE International report is the first in the Gender and Protection in Humanitarian Contexts: Critical Issues Series. It is designed for humanitarian workers, policy-makers and donors to: (1) highlight promising practices and/or gaps in programming; and (2) critically analyse work in the field of gender and protection in humanitarian contexts. The paper examines the issue of child marriage in the Syrian context, and what we can learn from our experiences there. For the full report please click here, for the Technical blog with a video please click here and for a human interest story about programming in Turkey addressing child marriage and the impact it has had on the community please click here.
USG child marriage policy brief: Girls Not Brides USA, of which CARE is a co-chair, produced a policy brief to offer guidance to members of the US government on developing a whole–of–government approach to ending child, early and forced marriage. This brief is designed to be a readable leave-behind for meetings, and to be shared via social media and other outreach.
16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence
Global Mapping of CARE's GBV Projects (September, 2010)
This mapping provides an overview of CARE's GBV work worldwide, focusing on the strategies projects are using to address GBV. An Annex provides brief synopses for 71 out of 77 total GBV projects. The full version of the mapping report is intended for internal audiences only. To obtain a copy of the report, please write to Leigh Stefanik (Leigh.Stefanik@care.org). You can see a presentation on the findings here.
This 2 page brief summarises findings from research on civil society organisations' experience in GBV policy influencing in Cambodia, Vietnam, Lao, Thailand and Myanmar.
Learning session on the role of men and boys in GBV programming
In August 2012, CARE attended a learning event on the role of men and boys in GBV programming, hosted by the InterAction GBV Working Group in Washington, DC. We enjoyed presentations by Raising Voices on their prevention programs and lessons learned working with men; Women’s Refugee Commission with an overview of current approaches to engaging men in prevention; and IRC on caring for boy survivors of sexual violence. Click the links to access the presentations.
A Review and Evaluation of Multi-sectoral Response Services ("one-stop centers") for GBV in Kenya and Zambia- Population Council, 2012. Features 2 case studies to assess the effectiveness of different OSC models in terms of health and legal outcomes for survivors, and the cost-effectiveness of these models; and second, to identify lessons learned in OSC implementation with recommendations for both start-up and scale-up.
Comprehensive Responses to GBV in Low-Resource Settings**- Population Council, June 2010. From 2006-2009, the Population Council undertook a program of technical assistance and research to strengthen the evidence base on gender-based violence (SGBV) programming in sub-Saharan Africa. This document reviews the findings, lessons learned, and promising practices in the provision of comprehensive SGBV services in sub-Saharan Africa. These findings are intended to serve as a resource for programmers and policymakers throughout the region, and contribute to the emerging evidence-base on such program strategies.
Report: Preventing Intimate Partner & Sexual Violence against Women**- World Health Organization, 2010. This document aims to provide sufficient information for policy-makers and planners to develop data-driven and evidence-based programs for preventing intimate partner and sexual violence against women. At present, only one strategy has evidence supporting its effectiveness – and this only relates to intimate partner violence. The strategy in question is the use of school-based programs to prevent violence within dating relationships. Evidence, however, is emerging of the effectiveness of a number of other strategies for preventing intimate partner and sexual violence, including microfinance programs for women combined with gender-equality education; efforts to reduce access to and harmful use of alcohol; and changing social and cultural gender norms.
Synchronizing Gender Strategies: A Cooperative Model for Improving Reproductive Health and Transforming Gender Relations (Oct 2010). This concept paper, written for the Interagency Gender Working Group, takes gender transformation to the next step, to what has been communally termed “gender synchronization.” Gender synchronization means working with men and women, boys and girls, in an intentional and mutually reinforcing way that challenges gender norms, catalyzes the achievement of gender equality, and improves health. This concept paper provides examples of synchronized approaches that have worked first with women and girls, or first with men and boys, and describes interventions that have worked with both sexes from the start. It also provides examples of new and emerging programs that should be watched in the coming years for the knowledge they may contribute to the implementation of gender synchronization.
This document aims to address the increasing demand for clear guidance on how to practically and ethically monitor and mitigate gender-based violence (GBV) within non-emergency, international development programming, in which GBV is not a specific programmatic component. Specifically, it draws on existing GBV-related guidance, as well as input from a group of experts, to provide recommendations for preventing and/or responding to unintentional risk, threat, or violence against individuals related to programmatic interventions. These recommendations describe ways to take stock of the programmatic environment with regard to GBV in general, as well as targeted suggestions on how to track GBV-related incidents and issues throughout the program cycle.
CARE developed these toolkits to help build staff capacity in issues of gender and sexuality:
The Inner Spaces, Outer Faces Initiative (ISOFI) toolkit is designed for use by staff of international development and health organizations, and is made up of participatory group activities to help program staff to identify, explore, and challenge their own understanding of gender and sexuality in their lives, the lives of project participants and within the organizations in which they work. The toolkit is available online in Englishand French.
This manual describes the experience of CARE staff and partners in using an approach called Social Analysis and Action to identify and address the social, economic and cultural factors that influence reproductive health. The manual is available online in English, French and Spanish.
This guide, developed by CARE Bangladesh, provides a detailed description of cost analysis tools and ways in which these tools can be used for behavior change communication, advocacy, and claiming compensation for domestic violence.
SDVC women's barrier tree activity for focus groups. The Strengthening Dairy Value Chain (SVDC) project and the COVAW project developed this tool to get at issues of domestic violence without asking about directly about it, and instead discussing “barriers”.
CARE International in Vietnam's GBV Dialogue Tool is a behavior change tool used to create discussion and deepen thinking over time around the topics of gender and violence (one exercise/month over 6 months) to be used within existing groups that meet regularly. The tool was designed for our civil society partners who were in the initial stages of discussing violence in communities and/or in small groups (e.g. community development and women’s economic empowerment projects with ethnic minority groups, life-skills training for garment factory workers, PLHIV groups who found violence to be an underlying issue surfacing in their care & support services). In the piloting of the tool with remote ethnic minority women, the test participants found it instrumental to their understanding of the linkages between gender and violence. Attached are both the tool for literate and illiterate participants. The exercises are also easily adaptable to the group you are targeting.
2015 IASC Guidelines for Integrating GBV Interventions into Humanitarian Action Guidelines for humanitarian actors and communities to plan, establish, and coordinate a set of minimum multisectoral interventions to prevent and response to sexual violence during the early phase of an emergency. English, Arabic, Spanish, French.
IASC Gender Handbook for Humanitarian Action: Different Needs, Equal Opportunities. This 2017 update to the Handbook sets forth standards for the integration of gender issues from the outset of a new complex emergency or disaster, so that humanitarian services provided neither exacerbate nor inadvertently put people at risk; reach their target audience; and have maximum positive impact. Available in English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Russian.
Different Needs - Equal Opportunities: Increasing Effectiveness of Humanitarian Action for Women, Girls, Boys and Men// ** . Published in 2010, this course provides the basic steps a humanitarian worker must take to ensure gender equality in programming. The course includes information on the core issues of gender and how it relates to other aspects of humanitarian response. The three-hour, self-paced course provides information and scenarios which will enable you to practice developing gender-sensitive programming. This training is based on the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Gender Handbook.
Caring for Survivors of Sexual Violence in Emergencies Training Pack. Gender-Based Violence Area of Responsibility (GBV AoR) Working Group, 2010. This training package provides information, tools and skill development on how to sensitively work with sexual violence survivors in conflict-affected countries or complex emergencies. It also focuses on medical treatment. This training resource is recommended by and agreed upon by global colleagues to be used as the primary gender-based violence (GBV) training resource. These materials may be of use for health care providers, women's groups, legal professionals, police, and other community members engaged in improving support for survivors. The package includes a training guide, modules on psychosocial and medical, and powerpoints. English, French, Arabic and Spanish versions available.
E-Learning Course to Develop Field Capacity for GBV Program Management in Emergencies. A free online course, produced by UNFPA and World Education, Inc, seeks to develop the capacity of those working to address GBV in humanitarian contexts. Its goal is to improve the knowledge of programme managers to better address the issue of gender-based violence in humanitarian emergencies. The course uses problems that practitioners currently face and case scenarios from real-life humanitarian contexts. Integrated throughout the course are the cross-cutting issues of culture, human rights, children and youth and working with men. The course is designed in four modules:
Essential Service Standards for Women and Girls Subject to Violence - (UN, 2015). This United Nations Joint Global Programme identifies the essential services to be provided by the health, social services, police and justice sectors as well as guidelines for the coordination of Essential Services and the governance of coordination processes and mechanisms. Service delivery guidelines for the core elements of each essential service have been identified to ensure the delivery of high quality services, particularly for low and middle income countries for women and girls experiencing violence.
Clinical Management of Children and Adolescents Who Have Experienced Sexual Violence - PEPFAR (February 2013). These technical considerations serve as a guide for medical providers to address and respond to the unique needs and rights of children and adolescents who have experienced sexual violence and exploitation.
Collection of tools and resources on GBV in emergencies - UN GBV Area of Responsibility (AoR). The GBV AoR recommends a set of essential guidelines and tools, including a ”Core Toolbox“, for all GBV practitioners in humanitarian settings.
UNHCR, Working with Men and Boy Survivors of Sexual and Gender-Based Violence in Forced Displacement. The guide aims to raise awareness of this important protection gap and provide tips on how to make SGBV programs accessible and inclusive of men and boy survivors. It is available in English, French, Arabic.
SASA! Toolkit for Prevention Violence against Women and HIV. The SASA! approach, developed by Raising Voices, has interesting tools to explore power dynamics between men and women, and demonstrates how understanding power and its effects can help us prevent violence against women and HIV infection. The approach focuses on community mobilization to change community norms. You can download the Activist Toolkit here.
IGWG Gender and Health eToolkit. This is an electronic collection of expert-vetted resources that provide practical “how-to” methodologies and tools on gender that are designed to move health practitioners and managers from awareness and commitment to direct application and practice in policy and program design, implementation, research, capacity building and monitoring and evaluation. The IGWG Gender and Health eToolkit is designed as a companion site to the IGWG website (www.igwg.org) which has become a premier site for gender and reproductive health information, publications, and networking. It provides access to hundreds of tools, to other gender toolkits and databases, and to prominent gender and health websites throughout the world.
IASC Guidelines for Mental Health & Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings. Guidelines to enable humanitarian actors to plan, establish and coordinate a set of minimum multi-sectoral responses to protect and improve people’s mental health and psychosocial well-being in the midst of an emergency. Available in English, French, Arabic, Spanish, and Japanese.
*Access more information on Ethics page of the Gender Toolkit.
Gender Based Violence Information Management System (GBVIMS): The GBVIMS was developed by IRC, UNHCR, and UNFPA to help humanitarian actors safely collect, store and analyze GBV incident data, and to help standardize the collection of GBV data across organizations, which were using different terminology, classification, and counting procedures. For more information, visit the website at
Sexual Violence Research Initiative (SVRI)- The SVRI aims to promote research on sexual violence and generate empirical data. The site features information on events, new publications, and capacity building tools for researching sexual violence.
WHO Technical Guidelines for Women's Health in Crises website - features tools, guidelines, trainings for researching and programming GBV and women's health in emergencies
BRIDGE Gender & Indicators Overview Report. This Overview Report examines conceptual and methodological approaches to gender and measurements of change with a focus on indicators, examining current debates and good practice from the grassroots to the international levels.
Capturing Change in Women's Realities: A Critical Overview of Current Monitoring. In this document, the authors examine assumptions about M&E in the context of women’s rights, gender equality, and women’s empowerment work, where M&E approaches create particular kinds of challenges.
CARE: Experience Adapting the Most Significant Change Technique. This brief examines CARE's experience adapting the Most Significant Change (MSC) technique in a sexual, reproductive and maternal health program in Eastern Africa.
Compendium of Gender Scales.This compendium offers a number of different scales related to gender.
DFID How to Note: Guidance on M&E for Programming on VAWG.This guidance from DFID gives an overview of the different approaches and methods within the Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) toolbox and assesses their strengths and weaknesses in relation to programming on Violence against Women and Girls.
MEASURE Evaluation: M&E of GBV Prevention and Mitigation Programs. This module is designed and intended to be used as a one and a-half day training session on monitoring and evaluating gender-based violence prevention and mitigation programs.
M&E of GBV Programming: A Facilitator's Guide.pdf. This module is designed and intended to be used as a one and a-half day training session on monitoring and evaluating gender-based violence prevention and mitigation programs.
VAW Compendium of Indicators. This guide was developed for managers, organizations, and policy makers working in the field of VAW program implementation and evaluation in developing countries. Indicators can also be used by programs that may not specifically focus on VAW but include reducing levels of VAW as part of their aims.
Evolving Men: Initial Results from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES). The International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES) is a multi-country household survey of men’s attitudes and behaviors related to gender equality, as well as women’s reports of men’s practices. The survey was carried out from 2009 to 2010 in Brazil, Chile, Croatia, India, Mexico, and Rwanda. Topics include GBV, health, household division of labor, men's participation in child caregiving, men's and women's attitudes about gender-related policies, transactional sex, men's criminal behavior, and quality of life.
Costs of Violence Against Women
- this paper reviews the DHS data on GBV and cost and how it has been used in national planning in Africa.